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Category: Biographies Memoirs Of Scientists

New PDF release: NIELS HENRIK ABEL and his Times: Called Too Soon by Flames

By Arild Stubhaug,R.H. Daly

every person with an curiosity within the heritage of arithmetic and technology will take pleasure in interpreting this e-book on essentially the most well-known mathematicians of the nineteenth century. the writer, who's either a historian and a mathematician, has written the definitive biography of Niels Henrik Abel.

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Download e-book for iPad: One Legacy of Paul F. Brandwein: Creating Scientists: 2 by Deborah C. Fort

By Deborah C. Fort

once more, our state has a robust want for a revolution dedicated to growing scientists. As we are facing the demanding situations of weather swap, international competitiveness, biodiversity loss, power wishes, and dwindling nutrition offers, we ?nd ourselves in a interval the place either scienti?c literacy and the pool of next-generation scientists are dwindling. to unravel those complicated concerns and continue our personal nationwide safety, we need to rebuild a countrywide ethos in line with sound technological know-how schooling for all, from which a brand new iteration of scientists will emerge. The problem is how you can create this modification. these shaping nationwide coverage this day, in 2009, want glance no additional than what labored a half-century in the past. In1957,SputnikcircledandsentaclarioncallforAmericatobecometheworld’s such a lot technologically complex country. In 1958, Congress handed the nationwide protection schooling Act, which targeted the nationwide will and known as for students and academics to effectively teach our adolescence in technological know-how, math, and engineering. It was once in this period of time that Paul F. Brandwein emerged as a countrywide technology e- cation chief to put the root for the adjustments wanted in American schooling to create the long run scientists necessary to the nation’s well-being.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Experimental Self: Humphry Davy and the Making of a Man by Jan Golinski

By Jan Golinski

What did it suggest to be a scientist sooner than the occupation itself existed? Jan Golinski reveals a solution within the extraordinary profession of Humphry Davy, the key chemist of his day and essentially the most individual British males of technological know-how of the 19th century. initially a rustic boy from a modest heritage, Davy was once propelled through his clinical accomplishments to a knighthood and the presidency of the Royal Society. An enigmatic determine to his contemporaries, Davy has endured to elude the efforts of biographers to categorise him: poet, buddy to Coleridge and Wordsworth, writer of shuttle narratives and a e-book on fishing, chemist and inventor of the miners’ safeguard lamp. What are we to make of this sort of man?

           

In The Experimental Self, Golinski argues that Davy’s lifestyles is better understood as a protracted strategy of self-experimentation. He follows Davy from his younger enthusiasm for physiological scan via his self-fashioning as a guy of technology in a interval whilst the trail to a systematic profession used to be now not as well-trodden because it is this day. What emerges is a portrait of Davy as an artistic fashioner of his personal identification via a lifelong sequence of experiments in selfhood.

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New PDF release: Una sola vita non basta: Storia di un incapace di genio

By Edoardo Boncinelli

Negli ultimi decenni los angeles ricerca scientifica ha vissuto trasformazioni e progressi esaltanti, e Edoardo Boncinelli, tra i maggiori scienziati italiani, è stato uno dei protagonisti di questa avventura: dalla scoperta dei geni architetto dell’uomo, frutto di un’intuizione fortuita avuta chiacchierando con un collega, alle ricerche sulle dinamiche di sviluppo del cervello, il grande genetista è sempre stato animato da un’inesauribile sete di conoscenza, e in queste pagine ripercorre los angeles sua vita di “ribelle esorbitantemente disciplinato”, intessuta di faticose e inebrianti giornate in laboratorio, affetti saldissimi, viaggi e incontri con i membri della comunità scientifica internazionale. Grazie al suo sguardo lucido e disincantato sulla realtà, Boncinelli ci insegna a vivere guardando con fiducia al futuro e alle sfide che ci attendono, ricordandoci sempre che “il sorprendente della vita non è che finirà, ma che abbia avuto un inizio”.

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Download PDF by Massimo Teodorani: Tesla: L'éclair du génie (French Edition)

By Massimo Teodorani

Tout sur sa vie, sa formation, ses innovations et ses penchants, son intelligente sensibilité...L’histoire de los angeles technology n’a pas toujours rendu l’hommage qu’ils méritaient à ses acteurs principaux. Au contraire, elle a souvent fait l. a. half belle à des imposteurs, des opportunistes dénués de scrupules ou à de véritables plagiaires. Nikola Tesla a été l’un des plus grands inventeurs que le monde ait jamais connus.Nous lui devons l’énergie électrique – le courant alternatif en particulier – que nous utilisons tous les jours, mais aussi d’autres découvertes très nombreuses comme les ampoules fluorescentes (néon), l. a. radio, l. a. télévision, le radar, l. a. turbine, les robots, les appareils électro-thérapeutiques, autant d’innovations qui ont trop souvent été attribuées aux stars des livres scolaires : Edison pour l’énergie électrique, Marconi pour los angeles radio…Nombre de personnes connaissent vaguement ou ont entendu parler de sa carrière, pluridisciplinaire mais contrariée, et sa mémoire est aujourd’hui encore occultée, comme celle de tous les génies incompris.De nombreuses personnes considèrent Nikola Tesla comme le personnage le plus génial de toute l’histoire de l’humanité, après Léonard de Vinci, pour ses qualités intellectuelles, los angeles quantité et los angeles variété de sa creation, et pour ses intérêts versatiles qui ne concernaient pas seulement los angeles technology et l. a. technologie, mais également l. a. philosophie, los angeles sociologie et même le mysticisme. Nous pourrions résumer le yet de ses recherches et le sens qu’il donnait à sa vie par sa célèbre word : " Le développement progressif de l’homme dépend des innovations. Elles sont le résultat le plus very important des facultés créatives du cerveau humain.Le yet de ces facultés est los angeles domination complète de l’esprit sur le monde matériel, l. a. réalisation de l. a. possibilité de canaliser les forces de l. a. nature afin de satisfaire les exigences humaines ».

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Download PDF by Corrado Lamberti: Viva Margherita (Italian Edition)

By Corrado Lamberti

Nel pomeriggio di una bella giornata dell'aprile 1979, un giovane insegnante di fisica si ferma davanti al pesante cancello che chiude il giardino dell'Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste.
Lo aspetta l. a. direttrice, alla quale deve sottoporre il progetto di una nuova rivista dal taglio divulgativo.
Catapultato dal caso in un'avventura editoriale, l'improvvisato redattore si presenta con los angeles preoccupazione di chi sta in step with affrontare un esame troppo difficile, ma advert accoglierlo trova una signora sorridente e schietta, entusiasta dell'idea di diffondere l'astronomia tra il pubblico degli appassionati.
Un incontro che gli cambierà l. a. vita e darà inizio a una lunga collaborazione e a una profonda amicizia.
Ripercorrendo i momenti più significativi del loro rapporto, Corrado Lamberti offre in questo libro un ritratto di Margherita Hack nel quale mette in luce i tanti insegnamenti che ne ha ricevuto.
Lo sguardo affettuoso e acuto dell'allievo segue l. a. maestra nel tenace e appassionato lavoro, nell'appuntamento quotidiano con l. a. colonia di gatti da sfamare, nel confronto con i colleghi universitari, nelle passeggiate sul Carso e nella relazione affettiva e professionale con Aldo, il suo compagno.
E anche nei momenti meno gloriosi della sua vita, come quello dei pasti, quando Margherita e Aldo, in una cucina tristemente sfornita di cibo che non sia quello in keeping with gli amati felini, cuociono in acqua fredda una generosa porzione di spaghetti, che trasferiranno maldestramente nei piatti con l'aiuto di due forchette, ignorando del tutto l'uso dello scolapasta!
Un racconto brioso e ricco di informazioni e aneddoti che ricostruisce il periodo d'oro delle riviste di astronomia e invita a scoprire los angeles preziosa eredità della più amata delle scienziate italiane.

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Jost Lemmerich,Ann Hentschel's Science and Conscience: The Life of James Franck (Stanford PDF

By Jost Lemmerich,Ann Hentschel

James Franck (1882–1964) used to be one of many 20th century's Most worthy scientists, recognized either for his contributions to physics and for his ethical braveness. throughout the Nineteen Twenties, Franck used to be a favourite determine within the German physics neighborhood. His learn into the constitution of the atom earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1925. After the Nazis seized strength in 1933, Franck resigned his professorship at Gottingen in protest opposed to anti-Jewish regulations. He quickly emigrated to the us, the place, on the collage of Chicago, he started leading edge study into photosynthesis.

When the second one global battle all started, Franck used to be recruited for the new york undertaking. With Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, he created a managed nuclear chain response which ended in the production of a nuclear weapon. through the ultimate months of the warfare, in spite of the fact that, Franck grew keen on the implications of utilizing one of these weapon. He turned the critical writer of the distinguished "Franck Report," which instructed Truman to not use the atomic bomb and warned nuclear palms race opposed to the Soviet Union will be an inevitable consequence. After the battle, Franck grew to become his cognizance again to photosynthesis; his discoveries encouraged chemistry in addition to physics.

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Red Cosmos: K. E. Tsiolkovskii, Grandfather of Soviet - download pdf or read online

By Dr. James T. Andrews Ph.D

Long earlier than the gap race captured the world’s awareness, ok. E. Tsiolkovskii first conceived of multi-stage rockets that might later be tailored because the foundation of either the U.S. and Soviet rocket programs.

known as the grandfather of Russian rocketry, this provincial scientist used to be even sanctioned through Stalin to offer a speech from purple sq. on could Day 1935, lauding the Soviet technological destiny whereas additionally dreaming and expounding on his personal visions of conquering the cosmos. Later, the Khrushchev regime used him as a "poster boy" for Soviet excellence in the course of its chilly battle pageant with the us. sarcastically, a few revisionists have in view that pointed to such blatant promoting by means of the Communist get together in an try to downplay Tsiolkovskii’s medical contributions.

James T. Andrews explores the complexities of this guy to teach that Tsiolkovskii was once even more than both a rocket inventor or a propaganda instrument. He used to be a technological know-how popularizer, novelist, technical inventor, and visionary, whose technological know-how fiction writings incorporated futuristic drawings of house stations lengthy sooner than they seemed on any engineer’s drawing board.

Mining a myriad of Russian information, Andrews produces not just a biographical account but in addition a research of Soviet technological propaganda, neighborhood technological know-how schooling, public tradition within the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, and the cultural ramifications of area flight.

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Mr. Liquid Crystal: The untold story of how James L. - download pdf or read online

By Terri Fergason Neal,Marian Pierce

James Lee Fergason replaced your lifestyles, even though you did now not comprehend it. He invented the twisted nematic lcd (TN-LCD), ubiquitously used this day within the monitors of shrewdpermanent telephones, calculators, iPods, flat-screen TVs, electronic watches, desktop and capsule desktops, clinical apparatus, and lots of different units. Jim used to be one of many America’s so much prolific inventors, retaining greater than one hundred fifty U.S. patents and over 500 overseas patents. The examiners on the U.S. Patent and Trademark place of work reverentially known as him “Mr. Liquid Crystal.”

This booklet recounts the superb tale of Jim’s discovery of liquid crystals and invention of LCDs, a systematic trip that begun within the past due Fifties and lasted a long time till his dying in 2008. From the day Jim spotted how liquid crystals shaped a brightly coloured iridescent liquid, he was once instantly taken by means of their chances and committed his whole occupation to making useful purposes for this new approach to optical reveal.

Mr. Liquid Crystal explains intimately the technology of liquid crystals, the fake begins and “Aha” moments that Jim and his group went via to construct usable and marketable LCDs, and the criminal demanding situations Jim discovered himself dealing with. Over the process his 50+ yr occupation, Jim’s patents and innovations have been challenged two times by means of businesses claiming they invented and owned his paintings. In either situations, Jim gained. For his life of paintings, Jim Fergason used to be inducted into the nationwide Inventors corridor of repute in 1998.

Mr. Liquid Crystal is a ebook that may fascinate scientists, inventors and everybody with a dream.

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Read e-book online Eroberer des Himmels: Lebensbilder - Deutsche Luft- und PDF

By Bernd Sternal

Wir jubeln Künstlern zu, Dichtern und Schriftstellern, mitunter auch religiösen Führern oder Politikern. Doch wer bejubelt schon Ingenieure und Erfinder. Bereits seit Beginn der Industriellen Revolution weisen Technikphilosophen auf die Bedeutung der Ingenieurskunst hin. Geändert hat sich bis heute nicht viel.
Ich habe es mir daher zur Aufgabe gemacht, mich mit dem Wirken von Luft- und Raumfahrtpionieren zu beschäftigen und Ihnen von einigen dieser Persönlichkeiten Lebensbilder zu zeichnen. In diesem Band finden Sie folgende Eroberer des Luftraumes:
-Friedrich Christiansen
-Hellmuth Hirth
-Max Valier
-Willy Messerschmitt
-Hans Ullrich Berkner
-Claudius Dornier
-Gerhard Fieseler
-Rudolf Nebel
Und wenn Ihnen meine Lebensbilder gefallen haben, dann können Sie sich bereits auf den zweiten Band freuen, der bald erscheinen wird.
Die Lebensbilder werden ergänzt durch sixty seven Zeitdokumente und Fotografien in schwarz-weiß.

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