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Category: Biographies Memoirs Of Scientists

Read e-book online The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the PDF

By Istvan Hargittai

If technological know-how has the identical of a Bloomsbury staff, it's the 5 males born on the flip of the 20th century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller. From Hungary to Germany to the USA, they remained buddies and persisted to interact and impression one another all through their lives. accordingly, their paintings used to be critical to a couple of an important medical and political advancements of the 20 th century.

They have been a unprecedented workforce of abilities: Wigner gained a Nobel Prize in theoretical physics; Szilard was once the 1st to determine chain response in response to neutrons was once attainable, initiated the big apple undertaking, yet left physics to attempt to limit nuclear fingers; von Neumann may perhaps clear up tough difficulties in his head and constructed the trendy computing device for extra complicated difficulties; von Kármán turned the 1st director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, offering the medical foundation for the U.S. Air strength; and Teller was once the daddy of the hydrogen bomb, whose identify is now synonymous with the debatable "Star Wars" initiative of the Nineteen Eighties. each one was once fiercely opinionated, politically lively, and fought opposed to all different types of totalitarianism.

István Hargittai, as a tender Hungarian actual chemist, was once capable of get to grasp a few of these nice males of their later years, and the intensity of data and human curiosity in The Martians of Science is the results of his own relationships with the themes, their households, and their contemporaries.

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Get The New Celebrity Scientists: Out of the Lab and into the PDF

By Declan Fahy

A new cultural icon strode the realm degree on the flip of the twenty-first century: the fame scientist, as cozy in Vanity reasonable and Vogue as Smithsonian. Declan Fahy profiles 8 of those eloquent, arguable, and compelling of technology to enquire how they completed megastar within the usa and internationally—and explores how their principles effect our realizing of the area.

Fahy lines the profession trajectories of Richard Dawkins, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Brian Greene, Stephen Jay Gould, Susan Greenfield, and James Lovelock. He demonstrates how every one scientist embraced the ability of advertising and popularization to stimulate considering, impression coverage, effect examine, force controversies, and mobilize social routine. He additionally considers serious claims that they communicate past their services and for private achieve. the result's a desirable check out how big name scientists aid make certain what it potential to be human, the character of fact, and the way to arrange for society’s doubtful future.

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New PDF release: Io, trafficante di virus: Una storia di scienza e di amara

By Ilaria Capua

Una bambina attratta dalla scienza, poi studentessa di veterinaria con los angeles passione della ricerca. Una donna determinata a raggiungere i propri obiettivi personali e professionali che diventa una scienziata di livello internazionale, il cui contributo allo studio dei virus è riconosciuto in Italia e all'estero. Una storia positiva di successo, finalmente, in un Paese come il nostro in cui non si fa che parlare di cervelli in fuga... Purtroppo no. Perché Ilaria Capua, virologa di fama mondiale, pluripremiata e riconosciuta da tutta l. a. comunità scientifica, qualche anno fa scopre dai giornali di essere indagata, lei che ha dedicato l. a. vita a combattere malattie ed epidemie, consistent with un presunto traffico di virus e vaccini. Un'accusa vergognosa, preceduta da una campagna stampa infamante e risolta dopo anni in un proscioglimento. Eppure, scrive l. a. Capua, "ho imparato molte cose da questa vicenda e penso di essere diventata una character migliore. Se dovessi distillare un pensiero, uno solo, che incarna il mio vissuto, è che consistent with sopravvivere l'essenziale è essere resilienti, e nessuno può farlo al nostro posto". Oggi Ilaria Capua dirige un centro di ricerca di eccellenza dell'Università della Florida. Una scelta sofferta, fatta in line with proteggere l. a. famiglia e il suo lavoro dopo essere rimasta incagliata nei paradossi della giustizia, e ha deciso di raccontare l. a. sua storia in line with non perdere los angeles speranza. Perché un Paese come l'Italia deve imparare a investire nel futuro e deve ritrovare il coraggio di salvaguardare i propri talenti.

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Conrad Keating's Smoking Kills PDF

By Conrad Keating

on the finish of the second one international conflict, Britain had the top occurrence of lung melanoma on the earth. For the 1st time lung melanoma deaths surpassed these from tuberculosis - and not anyone knew why. On 30 September 1950, a tender doctor named Richard Doll concluded in a study paper that smoking cigarettes was once 'a reason and an incredible reason' of the speedily expanding epidemic of lung melanoma. His historical and contentious discovering marked the start of a life-long campaign opposed to untimely loss of life and the forces of 'Big Tobacco'. Born in 1912, Doll, a ordinary patrician, jettisoned his institution historical past and joined the Communist get together as a response to the 'anarchy and waste' of capitalism within the Thirties. He handled the burned ft of the Jarrow Marchers, served as a clinical officer on the retreat to Dunkirk, and have become a real hero of the NHS. A political innovative and an epidemiologist with a Darwinian heart-of-stone, Doll fulfilled his early ambition to be 'a precious member of society'. Doll instructed a direction via a minefield of scientific and political controversy. competitors from the tobacco wondered his technological know-how, whereas later critics from the environmental foyer attacked his alleged connections to the chemical undefined. An enigmatic person, Doll was once feared and revered all through a protracted and wide-ranging clinical occupation which ended in simple terms together with his dying in 2005. during this permitted and groundbreaking biography, Conrad Keating unearths a guy whose lifestyles and paintings encapsulates a lot of the 20th century. defined by way of the British clinical magazine as 'perhaps Britain s most outstanding doctor', Doll ushered in a brand new period in medication: the highbrow ascendancy of scientific statistics. in accordance with the Nobel laureate Sir Paul Nurse, his paintings, which could have avoided millions of deaths, 'transcends the limits medication into the worldwide neighborhood of mankind.'

'A well-crafted biography of Doll, [who] single-handedly kept thousands of lives along with his findings.' - New Scientist

'As this attention-grabbing and fair-minded biography makes transparent, whereas Doll's political instincts have been radical, he used to be however a conservative scientist, continually wary in causal inference. . . extraordinary and engaging.' - foreign magazine of Epidemiology

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Get Gifted Mind: The Dr. Raymond Damadian Story, Inventor of the PDF

By Raymond Damadian,Jeff Kinley

One man’s look for fact on a private trip of invention and faith!

Today, magnetic resonance imaging machines (MRIs) and related applied sciences are saving lives in hospitals and clinics through the global. In 1969, this type of strategy was once simply an idea within the visionary brain of Dr. Raymond Damadian.

As a tender boy, he watched his grandmother die painfully from breast melanoma. Dr. Damadian might finally pick out a profession in clinical learn and pioneer this box of wonderful examine. even if in 1971 his inspiration of detecting tumors via magnetic resonance imaging was once commonly met with skepticism, he grew to become the 1st researcher to do a full-body experiment of a person in 1977 that allows you to see if there has been melanoma current. His existence has been a huge trip of discovery supporting you learn:

- How his notion for melanoma detection used to be encouraged and developed
- Why religion turned an essential component of his work
- Why he's a robust supporter of the creativity and freedom present in patents.

From resourcefully growing his discoveries on a shoestring finances to a conflict with the enterprise behemoth often called G.E., find out how the interesting improvement of this expertise led him to a self exam of his lifestyles and religion. What driver is on the center of what can arguably be known as one of many maximum minds some time past 50 years and the way does religion play an important position in his work?

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Get William Harvey and the Mechanics of the Heart (Oxford PDF

By Jole Shackelford

William Harvey is the riveting tale of a seventeenth-century guy of drugs and the clinical revolution he sparked together with his notable discoveries approximately blood stream in the physique. Jole Shackelford strains Harvey's lifestyles from his early days in Folkstone, England, to his learn of medication in Padua via his upward thrust to courtroom general practitioner to King James I and King Charles I, the place he had the chance to behavior his study in human biology and body structure. Harvey's lecture notes express that he believed within the function of the center in flow of blood via a closed process as early as 1615. but he waited thirteen years, till 1628, to post his findings, while he felt safer at introducing an idea counter to ideals that were held for centuries. A revealing examine the altering social, non secular, and political opinions of the time, William Harvey records how one man's originality helped introduce a brand new means of undertaking medical experiments that we nonetheless use today.

Oxford pix in technology is an on-going sequence of clinical biographies for teens. Written by way of most sensible students and writers, every one biography examines the character of its topic in addition to the concept procedure resulting in his or her discoveries. those illustrated biographies mix available technical info with compelling own tales to painting the scientists whose paintings has formed our knowing of the normal world.

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Download e-book for kindle: Breve historia de mi vida (Spanish Edition) by Stephen Hawking,Ana Guelbenzu

By Stephen Hawking,Ana Guelbenzu

La mente maravillosa de Stephen Hawking ha deslumbrado al mundo entero revelando los misterios del universo. Ahora, por primera vez, el cosmólogo más brillante de nuestra period explora, con una mirada reveladora, su propia vida y evolución intelectual.

Breve historia de mi vida
cuenta el sorprendente viaje de Stephen Hawking desde su niñez en el Londres de los angeles posguerra a sus años de fama internacional. Espléndidamente ilustrada con fotografías poco conocidas, esta autobiografía concisa, ingeniosa y sincera presenta a un Hawking raramente vislumbrado en sus libros anteriores: el alumno inquisitivo cuyos compañeros de clase apodaron «Einstein»; el bromista que una vez hizo una apuesta con un colega sobre los agujeros negros; o el joven padre de familia que se esforzó por hacerse un sitio en el mundo académico.

Escrito con su humildad y humor característicos, Hawking se sincera sobre los desafíos a los que se enfrentó tras ser diagnosticado, con 21 años, de esclerosis lateral amiotrófica. Traza su desarrollo como pensador, explica cómo l. a. perspectiva de una muerte temprana lo empujó hacia numerosos desafíos intelectuales y habla sobre l. a. génesis de su obra maestra, Historia del tiempo, sin duda una de las obras más importantes del siglo xx.

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Thomas Hager's Force of Nature: The Life of Linus Pauling PDF

By Thomas Hager

Linus Pauling (1901-1994) -- chemist, peace activist, diet C suggest, and the one individual in background to win unshared Nobel Prizes -- leaped the bounds of physics, chemistry, biology, politics, and medication to earn a name as one among America's maximum scientists and humanitarians. In a balanced, pleasing biography, technology author Hager skillfully leads the reader via Pauling's pioneering paintings in fields starting from quantum conception to crystallography to immunology. Drawing on rankings of interviews with Pauling, his kinfolk and his colleagues, and at the two-time Nobel Prize-winner's papers, Hager limns a fiercely aggressive, emotionally constricted guy, irreverent, audacious, occasionally self-righteous and bullying -- a extra complicated determine than his public character of maverick idealist. Drawing on a trove of newly declassified govt files, Hager tells the entire tale of the FBI's harassment and intimidation of Pauling for his leftist politics. The ebook ends with a close assessment of Pauling's arguable late-life examine on diet C.

"A thorough and punctiliously pleasurable biography of a genius" -- The New Yorker

"Magisterial.... a fragile balancing act of empathy and demanding research" -- The instances Literary Supplement.

"Remarkable in either bringing to mild Pauling's character and comparing his medical work." -- Detroit loose Press (4-star review)

"Monumental and authoritative" -- Nature

"The definitive biography" -- The New Scientist

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La lezione di Rita Levi-Montalcini (SAGGI ITALIANI) (Italian - download pdf or read online

By Giuseppina Tripodi

"Questo saggio racconta il mio lungo percorso di vita e di lavoro: ne emergono gli interessi e le iniziative verso le quali sono stata da sempre attratta, iniziative che hanno, in step with me, un grande valore etico." Così Rita Levi-Montalcini sintetizza i temi e le riflessioni che Giuseppina Tripodi, da oltre quarant'anni sua fidata collaboratrice, ha intrecciato in questo libro narrando l. a. storia, l'altruismo, gli insegnamenti, le scoperte e le battaglie accorate. All'inizio della sua attività, Rita Levi-Montalcini voleva andare in Africa e curare i lebbrosi, e nel corso della sua lunga vita è rimasta idealmente fedele a questo scopo, che è poi riuscita a realizzare grazie alla sua Fondazione da sempre orientata a difendere il ruolo della donna, elevare il livello culturale femminile e l. a. consapevolezza dei propri mezzi. "Il suo impegno sociale" scrive los angeles Tripodi "contagia le persone, le motiva a confrontarsi con il mondo circostante e a muoversi in una realtà in costante mutamento, senza più confini se non quelli determinati dalle distanze sociali e culturali." los angeles lezione di Rita Levi-Montalcini, oltre a fornirci un ritratto inedito e sincero della grande scienziata, ci restituisce il senso più profondo della sua vita, «la centralità della personality e il ne ultimo del concetto della ragion d'essere», in keeping with dimostrare che anche los angeles più straordinaria scoperta sarebbe sterile, se non fosse rivolta al miglioramento della vita dell'umanità, e in particolare di coloro che soffrono.

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Download PDF by R. Lee Lyman: Theodore E. White and the Development of Zooarchaeology in

By R. Lee Lyman

Theodore E. White and the improvement of Zooarchaeology in North America illuminates the researcher and his lasting contribution to a box that has mostly overlooked him in its heritage. The few short histories of North American zooarchaeology recommend that Paul W. Parmalee, John E. Guilday, Elizabeth S. Wing, and Stanley J. Olsen laid the root of the sector. in simple terms sometimes is Theodore White (1905–77) integrated, but his learn is instrumental for figuring out the improvement of zooarchaeology in North America.
 
               R. Lee Lyman works to fill those gaps within the old checklist and revisits a few of White’s analytical ideas from a contemporary standpoint. A comparability of courses indicates that not just have been White’s zooarchaeological articles first in print in archaeological venues yet that he was once additionally, at the very least firstly, extra prolific than his contemporaries. whereas the opposite “founders” of the sector have been anthropologists, White used to be a paleontologist by means of education who studied long-extinct animals and their evolutionary histories. In operating with is still of contemporary mammals, the common paleontological examine questions have been off the desk just because the animals less than examine have been too contemporary. And but White confirmed sincerely that students may possibly infer major information regarding human behaviors and cultures. Lyman provides a biography of Theodore White as a scientist and a pioneer within the rising box of contemporary anthropological zooarchaeology.
 

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